Computers are an important part of our lives these days and programming is an important aspect of computer usage. There are different styles of computer programming. The Difference between Object-Oriented Programming and Structured Programming is of the steps that are involved in both of these paradigms.
One of them focuses on the usage of real-word objects while structured programming deals with the organization of programs in a logical sense.
Structured Programming: Basics and Logics:
Structured programming began in 1970 and it is still used today. This kind of programming comes under imperative programing. There are simple flow structures in this programming that are arranged according to their hierarchy.
Repetition, sequence, and selection are these flow structures. When we talk about the sequence, it refers to the order of statements. So, for any programming, a set of statements is given.
Then, selection refers to the act of selecting any statement from this set depending on the state of the program at that moment. This includes using If statements. Then, repetition refers to the usage of the statement until you reach a certain state.
In this case, while and for statements are used. There are different languages used for structured programming. Some of these languages are Pascal, ALGOL, and Ada.
Object-Oriented Programming: Basics and Logics.
In this kind of programming, the problem is solved based on the real-word terms and elements. So, this is for solving real-world problems. In this type, the behavior of objects is taken into consideration. Classes are made in object-oriented programming.
These are actually templates in which there is a collection of things that can be grouped together. So, classes are a group of similar things or items. The properties of a class are called its attributes.
They are implemented globally or for that particular instance. Methods are also involved in object-oriented programming and these represent the behavior of items or things in the class. There is a term ‘members’ of a call, which refers to the method and attributes.
The instance that takes place in a class is the object. So, the object relates to real-world and is close to a real-world object. Nowadays, object-oriented programming is popularly used and the common languages that are used in this kind of programming are Java and C#.
Summary of Difference Between Object-Oriented Programming and Structured Programming:
- Difference between Object-Oriented Programming and Structured Programming is that structured programming focuses on the hierarchal arrangement of programs while object-oriented programming breaks down the programming into objects.
- Another Difference between Object-Oriented Programming and Structured Programming is that object-oriented is close to real-world while structured programming deals with logical reasoning.
- Structured programming does arrange the programs into a hierarchy but if one of the subprograms is changed, the whole structure goes through a ripple effect.
- This is not the case in object-oriented programming since the programs are in their own classes.
- Methods refer to the behavior of a class and a class contains similar items or things.
- Both of these types have their own different languages.